Taber Abraser test: to test the abrasion resistance of a material

The Taber Abraser test is suitable for testing the abrasion resistance of any type of material and coating. These include plastic, rubber, textile, leather, metal, enamel, carpet, wood, laminate and parquet. This test meets almost all international standards, such as ASTM D 4060, EN 13329 and EN 16511. The test is also used to determine the use class and AC value of laminate.

On this page, you can read what a Taber Abraser test entails and which different options we offer.

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What a Taber Abraser test entails

In the Taber Abraser device, the test panel rotates on a vertical axis against the sliding rotation of two wheels that apply abrasion in opposite directions to simulate the use of the material. The resulting wear then forms a pattern of crossed arches on a surface area of about 30 square centimetres.

This shows the wear resistance of the test panel at all angles in relation to the structure or fibre direction of the material.

We set the Taber Abraser device differently for each type of material, depending on the final use of the material. We can use coarse or fine sanding wheels, for example, and we can vary the weight with which these wheels press on the test panel.

Do you want to know the wear resistance of your material according to ASTM D4060, EN 13329 or 16511 standards?

Intensity of the test

Resistance to wear depends on the type of material and the nature and intensity of use. For example, the stainless steel metal of a door handle in a busy commercial building will wear out quicker than the stainless steel handle on a household kitchen cupboard. A laminate floor in a busy office will suffer more than the same laminate in a storage attic.

For this reason, the Taber Abraser can be adjusted to different intensities. The pressure exerted by the Taber Abraser device can be adjusted with weights and there are also different types of abrasive wheels available. 

For example, these wheels have:

To interpret a Taber value correctly, the following aspects must be taken into account:

Would you like to know which wear test is most suitable for your product?

The Taber Abraser test with a grit feeder

The Taber Abraser test can also be performed with a so-called grit feeder and M2LAB is unique in this respect. This grit feeding system is attached to the Taber Abraser device, so that abrasive grains are continuously distributed over the test panel at a specified speed during testing.
The addition of the grit feeder ensures that the specific movements of a shoe are simulated, so that the wear resistance of flooring materials can be properly determined.

Testing the abrasion resistance of a flooring material

The Taber Abraser test is also very suitable for determining the wear resistance of carpet, laminate and parquet. For laminate, for example, the usage class can be determined by the test.

The usage classes for laminate flooring are as follows:

In addition, when it comes to the wear resistance of laminate, there is also an AC value, which indicates the wear resistance of the top layer. The AC values are:

Duration of the Taber Abraser test

A Taber Abraser test can take anything from a few minutes to several days, depending on the standard used. Please allow up to five working days for processing the results.

Please note that this is only a rule of thumb. Please contact the M2LAB specialists for advice on the test duration relevant to your situation and product.

Reporting and advice

Within five working days after completing the Taber Abraser test, you will receive a report with the results. After reading the report, you may still need advice on how to improve the quality of the product. As a specialist in the field of industrial surface treatment, our staff is always available to offer you advice.

Call +31 (0)13 – 463 06 88 for more information about the lead times for your required laboratory tests.

Do you want to know the wear resistance of your material according to ASTM D4060, EN 13329 or 16511 standards?