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Taber abraser test

Taber Abraser test: examine the abrasion resistance of a material

The Taber Abraser test is suitable for testing the abrasion resistance of any type of material and coating. You can think of plastics, rubber, textiles, leather, metal, enamel, carpet, wood, laminate and parquet. This test meets almost all international standards, such as ASTM D 4060, EN 13329 and EN 16511. In addition, the test is also used to determine the usage class and AC value of laminate.

On this page you can read what a Taber Abraser test entails and what different options we offer.

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Here's what a Taber Abraser test entails

In the Taber Abraser device, the test panel rotates on a vertical axis against the sliding rotation of two wheels abrading in opposite directions to simulate the use of the material. The resulting wear then forms a pattern of crossed arcs over an area of about 30 square centimeters.

This shows at all angles the wear resistance of the test panel relative to the structure or fiber direction of the material.

We set the Taber Abraser device separately for each type of material, depending on the ultimate use of the material. For example, we can use coarse or fine abrasive wheels and we can vary the weight with which these wheels press on the test panel.

Taber abraser in practise

Do you want the abrasion resistance of your material according to ASTM D4060,
EN 13329 or 16511 standard?

Intensity of the test

Wear resistance depends on the type of material and the nature and intensity of use. For example, the stainless steel metal of a door handle in a busy commercial building will wear faster than the stainless steel metal of a handle on a kitchen cabinet in a residential home. A laminate floor in a busy office will suffer more than that same laminate in a storage attic.

For this reason, the Taber Abraser can be adjusted with different intensities. For example, the pressure exerted by the Taber Abraser device can be adjusted with weights, and different types of abrasive wheels are also available. For example, these wheels have:

  • Rubber with fine abrasive grains (these simulate light loads);
  • Rubber with coarse abrasive grains (these simulate heavy load);
  • Copper core with leather (these are used in conjunction with a grit feeder).

To properly interpret a Taber value, the following components must be considered:

  • The standard to which it was tested;
  • The type of wheels used;
  • The weight load per wheel;
  • The number of rotations of the wheels.

Want to know which wear test is most appropriate for your equipment?

The Taber Abraser test with a grit feeder

The Taber Abraser test can also be performed with a so-called grit feeder, M2LAB is unique in this regard. This grit feeder is attached to the Taber Abraser device, so that abrasive grit particles are continuously distributed over the test panel during testing at a specified speed.

The addition of the grit feeder allows the specific movements of a shoe to be simulated, this allows the wear resistance of flooring materials to be properly determined.

Testing the abrasion resistance of material for a floor

The Taber Abraser test is also very suitable for determining the wear resistance of carpet, laminate and parquet. For laminate, for example, the usage class can be determined with the test.

The use classes for laminate are as follows:

  • Class 31: normal household use. Suitable for a living room, bedroom or attic;
  • Class 32: intensive domestic and light commercial use. Suitable for a family home with many visitors or pets, an office or retail space;
  • Class 33: intensive commercial use. Suitable for classrooms, busy retail spaces or restaurants.

In addition, when it comes to laminate wear resistance, there is also an AC value, which indicates the wear resistance of the top layer. AC values are:

  • AC4: resistant to average foot traffic in a home;
  • AC5: withstand heavy foot traffic in an office or store;
  • AC6: withstand very heavy foot traffic in schools, high-traffic stores or restaurants.

Test duration of the Taber Abraser test

A Taber Abraser test takes from a few minutes to several days, depending on the standard to be performed. Please allow up to five business days for processing the results.

Reporting and advice

Within five business days of completing the Taber Abraser test, you will receive a report with the results. After reading the report, you may still need advice on how to improve the quality of the product. As specialists in the field of industrial surface treatment, our staff always have advice to help you with this.

Call +31 (0)13 463 06 88 for more information on turnaround times for your required laboratory tests.

Do you want the abrasion resistance of your material according to ASTM D4060,
EN 13329 or 16511 standard?